What are the most common eye surgeries performed?

Opthalmic (eye) surgery is required to treat a number of conditions or to improve eye-sight. Surgery can be performed to:

  • Improve eye-sight – Lasers are used by eye specialists to make adjustments to the internal structure of the eye. Various lasers are used such as LASIK, LASEK, PRK or Wavefront-guided LASIK surgery.
  • Improve eye-sight by replacing the lens with an artificial one.
  • Cataract surgery – to remove a cloudy lens and replace it with an artificial one.
  • Diabetes complications – to repair damage to the blood vessels caused by diabetes, injections into the eye to treat diabetic retinopathy.
  • Glaucoma treatment- Excess fluid in the eye leads to an increase in pressure which can damage the optic nerve and vision
  • Surgery for retinal disorders including a detached retina
  • Strabismus surgery (for squints)
  • Eye disease in children and sight development impairments

(Source: https://www.healthcareers.nhs.uk/explore-roles/doctors/roles-doctors/ophthalmology)

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